Wednesday, 27 June 2012

Gabardine Apparels

The fiber mostly used to construct the fabric is traditionally beaten wool; but also there may be a chance for cotton, specially processed polyester fiber or a blend.

Gabardine is woven as warp-faced vertical or normal twill, with an outstanding crosswise rib on the face side and smooth surface on the back side.

“Gabardine is a rigid hard-finish durable fabric made of wool or rayon fiber, twilled with diagonal ribs on the right side.”

Gabardine always has more warp yarns than weft yarns.

Cotton gabardines are occasionally used by personalized tailors to construct pocket linings for business formal suits, where the pocket's stuffing would promptly carry holes in the normal delicate pocket lining material.

Clothing made from gabardine is commonly labeled as creature, appropriate for dry cleaning process only because it is typical for wool textiles.

Gabardine may also refer to the twill-weave technique which is used for gabardine fabric or to a raincoat made of gabardine fabric.


Gabardine was invented in the year 1879 by Thomas Burberry who is the founder of the Burberry fashion house in Basingstoke and it was patented in 1888. The innovative fabric was water-proofed before weaving and then it was worsted or worsted/cotton, tightly woven and water-repellant but more relaxed than rubberized fabrics.

The fabric takes its name from the word "gabardine", it is initially a long, loose cover or gown worn in the Middle Ages, but afterwards suggestive of a rain cover or protective smock-frock.

Burberry clothing of gabardine was worn by polar explorers including Roald Amundsen; he is the very first man to attain the South Pole in 1911 and Ernest Shackleton who led a 1914 journey to cross Antarctica. A jacket made of this material was worn by George Mallory in the year 1924.

Gabardine was used extensively in the period of 1950's to produce colorful patterned casual jackets, trousers and suits.

Companies like: J. C. Penneys, Sport Chief, Campus, Four Star, California Trends were all producing short waisted jackets, on occasion reversible, commonly known as weekender Jackets. These jackets were depending on the pattern and rarities are highly required after in the "Rockabilly" sub-cultures around the world.

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